The couple must hold themselves out to society as being akin to spouses. Although common-law unions were not unusual or contrary to social values before the nineteenth century, the same cannot be said about cohabitation in contemporary times. Alford ruled that North Carolina's cohabitation law is unconstitutional. Possibly, there may not even be one sole reason. Consequences of Cohabitation Marital stability.
It maybe a compilation of factors that contribute to this type of lifestyle that is so unique to the individuals that one reason cannot be isolated. According to Cherlin , the pattern of early marriage prevalent in the late s and the s was partially caused by peace and prosperity, both of which released a social demand for marriage that had been suppressed by the Great Depression and World War II. For example, cohabitation has rapidly become an antecedent to marriage in Britain. Working separate jobs, living in different geographic locations, and having different daily routines can leave little room to be together. Cohabitation exists as an alternative when marriage is not immediately desirable, practical, or possible. Sage Publications, , ch. There are several reasons: The lack of distinction between marital and non-marital union in England before the nineteenth century meant that cohabitation was not abnormal behavior. Poverty was often the main factor in decision to cohabit. The youthful profile of cohabitation shows that marriage is still the preferred choice of union for most couples. Hence, it is incorrect to suggest that cohabitation is "deviant" behavior because this implies that marriage has always been the norm. Female live-in partners have economic rights under Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act subject to following conditions as laid by Honourable Supreme Court of India in case of D. In the early s, over 16 percent of all first unions were cohabitational relationships. Marriage really developed into the institution as we understand it today in the nineteenth century. The higher incidence of divorce among former cohabitors has two basic explanations. Glenn Stanton recently authored a book titled The Ring Makes All erence, detailing the sociological data. Indonesia[ edit ] In Indonesia, an Islamic penal code proposed in would have made cohabitation punishable by up to two years in prison. Gary Becker argues that a couple marries because they realize economic benefits from each other's specialized skills. The Nature of Marriage Conversely, marriage is not a prerequisite for cohabitation. One would expect the numbers to be equal in this regard since every cohabitation includes one man and one woman. Men are thus selected into cohabitation at a greater rate than women because being unmarried longer places them at a greater risk of being drawn into a cohabitational relationship Wu In England, cohabitation before marriage grew from one in four in the s to about seven in ten in the early s Kiernan and Estaugh This deficiency shows that in most countries, cohabitation is not yet perceived as a legitimate variant to marriage from the perspective of the state. Many couples cohabit out of convenience, while others see it as an alternative to marriage. Live-in relationships are legal in India. Terrell Clemmons addresses this perception head-on: Similar patterns have been observed in many European countries.
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Sociology of the Family: Marriage and Cohabitation
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